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(江苏专用)2020版高考英语大一轮复* 第二部分 基础语法 第三课时 名词性从句课件 牛津译林版

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第三课时 名词性从句 [感 悟 高 考] 1.(2016·北 京 高 考 )Your support is important to our work.________ you can do helps. A.However B.Whoever C.Whatever D.Wherever 答案 C [句意:你的支持对我们很重要,无论你们做什么 都会有帮助。从句动词do需要宾语,且引导主语从句,故用 whatever。] 2.(2016·北京高考)The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is ________ one can be entirely free from dust. A.what B.that C.whether D.why 答案 B [句意:雨季最令人愉快的事情是人可以完全免于 尘埃。分析句子结构可知is后的表语从句中不缺少成分,且 句意完整,故选B。] 3.(2016·天 津 高 考 )The manager put forward a suggestion ________ we should have an assistant.There is too much work to do. A.whether B.that C.which D.what 答案 B [分析句子结构可知,空处在此引导同位语从句, 解释说明suggestion的具体内容,且从句句意和句子成分完 整,故用that。] 4.(2015·安 徽 高 考 )A ship in harbor is safe , but that’s not________ships are built for. A.what B.whom C.why D.when 答案 A [句意:船停在港口里是很安全的,但这并非建造 船的目的。isn’t后跟从句作表语,表语从句中的for后缺少宾 语,用what引导,故选A。why和when是连接副词,不能作 宾语;whom指人。] 5.(2015·重庆高考)We must find out ________ Karl is coming, so we can book a room for him. A.when B.how C.where D.why 答案 A [句意:我们一定要搞清楚Karl什么时候来,以便 我们给他订房间。由句意可知,要给Karl订房间,那么就要 清楚他来这里的时间,故选when。] 6.(2015·北京高考)________ we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel. A.Where B.How C.Why D.When 答案 B [句意:我们怎样理解事物与我们所感觉到的东西 有很大关系。 分析句子结构可知“________ we understand things”为主语从句,结合句意可知选B。] [考 点 清 单] 考点一 主语从句 规则? 引导主语从句的连接词如下: who,that,which, what , when , where , how , whether , why , whoever , whichever,whatever等。 That you are coming to London is the best news I have heard this long time. 长久以来我听到的最好的消息就是你要来伦敦。 What struck me most in the movie was the father’s deep love for his son. 影片中最打动我的是父亲对他儿子深深的爱。 规则? 主语从句一般放在句首,但有时也可用it作形式主语, 而将主语从句移到句子的末尾。常见的句型: (1)It+be+形容词(necessary/likely/important/uncertain等)+that 从句。 It is uncertain what side effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand patients have taken it.尽管大约两千 名患者已经服用了这种药,但是它会带来什么样的副作用还 不清楚。 (2)It+be+名词(短语)(a pity/a shame/no wonder/no surprise等) +that从句。 It’s no surprise that our team has won the game. 我们队获胜一点都不令人吃惊。 (3)It+be+过去分词(said/reported/decided/believed等)+that从 句。 It is decided that the meeting has been put off till next Monday. 会议被推迟到下周一召开已经定下来了。 考点二 表语从句 规 则 ? 表 语 从 句 的 引 导 词 主 要 有 : that( 不 可 省 略 ) , whether(不能换成if),what,who,which,how,why,when, where,whoever,wherever,as if/though等。 The question is whether we can make good preparation in such a short time. 问题是我们是否可以在如此短的时间内做好准备。 规则? because引导的表语从句强调原因,而why引导的表语 从句强调结果。 If I’m a bit sleepy,it’s because I was up all nigh


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